• About The Exam
  • Structure
  • Scoring
  • Free Resources

What is the TOEFL?

The Test of English as a Foreign Language (internet-based test) is designed to measure whether someone is prepared to live and thrive in an English-speaking environment. Over 1 million people worldwide opt to take an English-speaking proficiency exam each year in order to attend an English-speaking university or simply as a refresher course to improve their English skills. TOEFL scores are often used by universities and colleges as an admission requirement for students who have received their education in a non-English speaking country.

The TOEFL exam consists of the following four sections:

Reading

The reading section of the TOEFL exam includes two main question types: Multiple Choice and Drag-and-Drop. This section contains between 36-56 questions and is 60-80 minutes in length.

Listening

The Listening section of the TOEFL exam contains similar types of questions as the reading section (Multiple Choice and Drag-and-Drop). This section has between 34-51 questions and is approximately 60-90 minutes in length.

Speaking

Test takers are provided with a microphone to record themselves responding to two types of prompts in the speaking section. Two tasks in prompt one consist of independent responses, and four tasks in prompt two require test takers to respond to a series of conversations, lectures and reading passages. Test takers have roughly one minute per prompt to record their responses. In total, the speaking section takes 20 minutes to complete.

Writing

The exam ends with the writing section, which requires test takers to compose written responses to two tasks: one independent task, and one task in which a response to reading and listening material is composed. This section consists of two essays and is 50 minutes long.

Overview of the TOEFL

The TOEFL exam consists of 4 sections and takes approximately 4.5 hours in total to complete:


Section

Timing

Task

Reading

60 - 80 minutes
 

Read three passages from academic texts and answer questions
 

Listening

60 - 90 minutes
 

Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations and answer questions
 

Speaking

20 minutes
 

Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks
 

Writing
 

50 minutes

Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing
 


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TOEFL Scoring


  • There is no pass or fail level on the TOEFL: higher education institutions set their own TOEFL requirements. 
  • TOEFL scores are valid for a period of two years after the test date.

You will receive four section scores and a total score:


Section

Score

Reading
 

From 0 to 30
(Raw scores converted to scaled scores)
 

Listening
 

From 0 to 30
(Raw scores converted to scaled scores)
 

Speaking
 

From 0 to 30
(0-4 score per task; sum of task scores converted to scaled scores)
 

Writing

From 0 to 30
(0-5 score per task; sum of task scores converted to scaled scores)
 

Total
 

From 0 to 120
 

 

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