The first section of the TOEFL exam is the reading comprehension section, which is used to measure your aptitude to read and understand short passages in written English.
You will be required to answer a number of questions based on the content in each passage. The TOEFL reading section does not test your memory or knowledge of the reading material, it only tests how well you comprehend the words on the page. In other words, you do not need to study for the topics within the TOEFL reading section - you only need to ensure your English is good enough to understand what you are reading so that you will be able to answer the questions correctly.
The reading section of the TOEFL exam contains between 3-4 passages with 12-14 questions per passage, making a total of between 36-56 questions. The test is 60-80 minutes in length. This section includes two main question types: Multiple Choice and Drag & Drop. Test takers answer questions based on information that is stated or implied in each passage.
TIP:Visualize the material as you read it! The best way to comprehend a prompt is to picture what you are reading - this will make it easier to answer the questions correctly when you come to the end of the prompt.